pedicure

Top Ingrown Toenail Video Tutorials

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AIbmfOqtjMg%5B/embedyt%5D

I have had so much feedback on my ingrown toenail tutorials and the general consensus is most nail technicians are not cleaning under or around the free edge of the nail as much as they should be. If the nail is cut to an appropriate length it will be less intimidating to work on and around. Impacted toenails should be treated for pain relief during a pedicure service as long as they are not infected. Learn the difference between an ingrown toenail and impacted toenail by watching this tutorial.

 

Everyone should subscribe to my YouTube channel The Meticulous Manicurist Nail Tutorials where I have over 140 videos and a new video every week.

http://www.youtube.com/embed?layout=gallery&listType=playlist&list=UU8O6B9XeAoG10cKUdYGC3YQ%5B/embedyt%5D

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Did you know only about 50% of discolored or thickened, dystrophic-appearing, nails have a fungal infection?

Did you know only about 50% of discolored or thickened, dystrophic-appearing, nails have a fungal infection?

It is possible for the layman to believe a thickened nail must mean a nail fungus is present. When concern a person has a nail fungus presents itself, before treating them cosmetically, it is best to refer the person to their general practitioner who can refer them to a podiatrist or dermatologist to correctly identify the condition if needed. Only about 50% of discolored or dyst

Onychomycosis

rophic-appearing nails have a fungal infection confirmed with culture. And 20% of the adult population has onychomycosis, nail fungus.

Thickened Toenail Caused by Chemotherapy

 

There are many other causes for a nail to become thickened or discolored. Treatment like chemotherapy can cause changes in the nail matrix and cause an overproduction of nail cells that form the nail plate. Older people are at an increased risk of nail alterations, including normal age-related changes and disorders that more commonly affect this specific population. Secondary factors are important contributors to pathologic nail changes, including impaired circulation at the distal extremities, faulty

biomechanics, infections, neoplasms, and skin or systemic diseases with nail manifestations.¹

The many other causes of nail thickening and discoloration, which are not a fungus, include:

Onychogryphosis

1. Onychogryphosis thickening and distortion of the nail, typically of the big toe, thought to be due to previous nail bed trauma.²

2. Onychauxis, an overgrowth or thickening of the nail, reveals nothing to the casual observer, the tech, or the doctor. Many times, in fact, onychauxis is a natural part of aging.3

Onychauxis

If the thickening is caused by a fungus it “can sometimes be cured,” says Dr. Schumacher. “When a nail is thick because of a fungal infection” ” treatment of the infection may cure the nail.” In cases like this, the nail may be able to grow in healthy after the primary condition has been resolved. However, if onychauxis is caused by trauma and the matrix is damaged, it’s more likely that the thickness will need to be maintained through regular manicures or pedicures, because the nail may continue to grow in thicker than normal nails. Since a doctor must determine a cause before treatment is recommended, there is not a standard treatment for onychauxis. 4

3. Trauma (tight shoes, nail-biting).

4. Poor foot care.

Eczema

 

Subungual melanoma

 

Lichen planus.

5.  Eczema (irritant or allergic contact dermatitis).

 

6. Lichen planus.

7. Subungual melanoma.

8. Psoriatic nail disease. Psoriasis can affect the skin, nails, and joints. Classically, psoriatic nail disease consists of onycholysis; salmon (oil) spots (discolored areas that represent nail bed psoriasis); an irregular pitting pattern; and onychauxis. The Koebner phenomenon, or the appearance of lesions at the site of in

Psoriasis

jury, can also occur in the nails and may manifest in an asymmetrical presentation. If a patient presents with an onychomycosis-like nail involvement and has failed oral antifungals, one should consider a diagnosis of psoriatic nail disease. Also, if psoriatic plaques and nail dystrophy are present, they do not automatically lead to a diagnosis of psoriatic nail disease. This is why culture and biopsy with negative PAS stain are essential to achieving the correct diagnosis.5

 

9. Bacterial paronychia – e.g., Pseudomonas spp. infection.

Bacterial paronychia

10. Systemic disease – e.g., thyroid disease, diabetes, peripheral arterial disease.

11. Rare systemic disorders – e.g., keratosis follicularis (Darier’s disea

Yellow Nail Syndrome

se), yellow nail syndrome, nail-patella syndrome, pachyonychia congenital.

 

Idiosyncratic drug reaction

12. Idiosyncratic drug reaction (especially tetracyclines, quinolones and psoralens).

 

It is a “nail myth” that “nail thickness is caused by separation of the nail layers.”

The layman explanation to most of the causes of a thickened nail, items in the above list, is due to changes in the matrix which produce the nail cells. Nail cells move up the nail bed after being produced. When the matrix experiences change due to trauma, circulation or disease, it can create an overproduction of nail cells creating the thickened nail.

The technical term for layers of the nail separating is Onychoschizia. It is the transverse and lamellar splitting of the free edge and nail plate. The causes are excess wetting and drying of the nail, trauma, nail enhancements or polish, and systemic diseases. But does not include thickening of the nail.

Nail fungus caused by dermatophytes can cause an illusion of a thickened nail. The invasion of the organism causes mild inflammation, the skin under the nail to thicken (focal parakeratosis), and an overproduction of keratin (subungual hyperkeratosis) which push the nail up from the nail bed creating an illusion of thickness.6

Older people are at an increased risk of nail alterations, including normal age-related changes and disorders that more commonly affect this specific population. Secondary factors are important contributors to pathologic nail changes, including impaired circulation at the distal extremities, faulty biomechanics, infections, neoplasms, and skin or systemic diseases with nail manifestations.7

Holding a nail technology or cosmetology license makes you the best advocate for the people who trust and look to you for your expert advice your license gives you, and the knowledge to know when to refer them to a physician. You were trained and tested on nail disorders and diseases. When in doubt always refer to a physician. Holding a nail technology or cosmetology license does not prevent you from educating yourself beyond the nail technology course. Always follow your state board guidelines regarding this topic when it comes to treating your clients cosmetically.

Links to supporting documentation are included in this post.

Definitions that are not explained above.

Nail dystrophy refers to poor nail formation, usually as the result of trauma or infection. When caused by trauma, the nail becomes discolored due to blood pooling underneath the nail. Over time, the nail breaks away from the nail bed until it detaches completely.8

  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3038811/
  2. https://patient.info/doctor/fungal-nail-infections-pro
  3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3038811/
  4. http://www.nailsmag.com/article/82023/what-is-onychauxis
  5. http://www.podiatrytoday.com/how-treat-dystrophic-nails
  6. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3038811/
  7. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3038811/
  8. http://naildystrophy.com/

  For more continuing education on the nail industry visit The Meticulous Manicurist Nail Tutorials

Pedicure Tutorials, Acrylic Nail Tutorials, Hard Gel Tutorials
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buy levitra with no prescription Three things you never knew about polishing the perfect french manicure tip

Tips to polish the perfect french tip

Polishing a French manicure is trickier than it looks.  There are several variables involved that no one ever thinks about and today I’m going to tell you what they are.

1. You only use a very small triangular corner of the brush.

2. You only use a small dab of polish on the tip of the brush. 

3. You have to use your fingers on your opposite hand to pull the skin away from your nail wall so you are able to get the corner of they brush into the corner where the line begins on the free edge.

Let’s expand on those tips.

1. You only use a very small triangular corner of the brush.

The brush is way to big to use on the tip of the nail. This area is called the free edge. We need to make the brush smaller to get into the area where the line will begin in the corner of the free edge. You have to pretend that the brush only exists of the triangular corner of the brush. This is the part you are going to use.

2. You only use a small dab of polish on the tip of the brush. 

When you remove the polish applicator from the bottle you’re going to wipe the back of brush on the rim of the bottle and the front of the brush on the rim of the bottle so there is no polish on the brush. As polish runs down the stem of the applicator you are going to have to wipe the bristles again to remove excess polish. You are then going to pick up a very small amount of polish from the inside of the neck of the bottle. You are not going to re dip the brush into the bottle. 

3. You have to use your fingers on your opposite hand to pull the skin away from your nail wall so you are able to get the corner of they brush into the corner where the line begins on the free edge.

You’re going to pull back the skin of your finger with an opposite finger so you can get as close to the corner of your nails possible without getting it on the skin. You’re going to draw a smile line from the corner of the nail the center of the name. Now you’re going to use the opposite corner of the brush and go to the other side of the nail. You’re going to connect the edge of the nail to the center of the nail connecting the line so you have a smile line. When you pull the skin down and away from the nail wall you have more room to get the corner of the brush in the area.

 

Now because you used a very small amount of nail polish and applied it very thin, it should be almost completely dry in a matter of minutes. If you feel like you need to apply a second coat for better coverage you are able to do so.  Now you’re going to use a polish color of your choice to go over the entire nail. You are only going to use one coat of this color. The last step is to apply a fast drying top coat to the entire surface of the nail.

You are going to use the same process of wiping the brush before applying color of your choice and before applying the top coat. You are going to wipe the front of the brush and the back of the brush until there’s nothing left on the brush. Then you’re going to pick up a very small amount of polish from the inside of the neck of the bottle. You are not going to read dip the brush in the polish bottle.

 

I hope that you were able to learn a few tricks to polishing a French manicure and you check out the video tutorial on my YouTube channel the meticulous manicurist. If you enjoy the video please like and share my video so others can enjoy it too 🙂

 

Click to see tutorial to learn 3 things you never knew about polishing a perfect french tip

Tips to polish the perfect french tip

Protecting our Patrons: The Importance of Disinfection

Salon sanitation is imperative in all salon services. But the one service people worry about the most is having a pedicure. We have all heard horror stories from friends or read about one online. A terrible experience that started with a little voice in their head that told them to turn and leave. But they didn’t and in retrospect, they should have listened to their instinct.
pedicure_disinfection
You should always make sure the salon you choose to have your pedicure in follows proper sanitation and sterilization guides set by the State of Michigan. Don’t be afraid to ask how often they clean their tub and what germicide they use to do it. You should also ask if the tub has pipes or tubes the water is circulated through to create the bubbles. These tubs have a much greater risk of bacteria being stored in them and should be avoided. If it isn’t avoidable make sure they run a sterilization agent through the pipes at least once a week.

The goal from our salon’s perspective is 100% patron protection and to guarantee there is no transfer of any communicable virus or bacteria during the pedicure service. Here at Voila Salon & Spa we want you to know we guarantee our standards are above and beyond Michigan’s requirements. (Which are placing washed equipment in a container holding a chemical sanitizing agent. Acceptable agents are those registered for use in interstate commerce by the USDA. Sharp edged tools mush be wiped with a 70% alcohol solution.) We insure that all implements are either single use or sterilized in between every client, not just sanitized. We use 99% alcohol on surfaces and Citricide II to clean the tub in between each client. This chemical sterilizer kills all bacteria and even kills the AIDS virus. Our pedicure tub is pipeless so there is no risk of bacteria being trapped anywhere in the equipment.

So with all this information we hope you know your health and safety is just as important to us as a beautiful pedicure experience. And we hope to see you and your friends soon. Voila Salon & Spa, 151 Keveling Drive, Saline, MI (734) 944-9363.

It is always good to remind people of terms and definitions commonly used in the beauty industry. These definitions are from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Sanitation – to wash with soap and water to remove dirt and debris and to reduce the levels of microorganisms to a safe, acceptable level. Before implements or equipment can be disinfected, they must first be sanitized.

Disinfection – the use of a chemical procedure that eliminates virtually all recognized pathogenic microorganisms but not necessarily all microbial forms. (Microorganisms are living organisms, good and bad, that are invisible to the naked eye.) All implements and equipment used on clients must be disinfected before use.

Sterilization – the use of a physical or chemical procedure to destroy all microbial life, including highly resistant bacterial endospores. (Endospores are thick walled bodies formed within the vegetative cells of certain bacteria. They are able to withstand adverse environmental conditions for prolonged periods.)